New resource from H-Peace: Peace Museums

Peace museums can be traced back to 1900 when the Hague Peace Palace in Geneva was founded by Andrew Carnegie to serve as a “living museum” hosting conferences on international law as well as exhibiting art dedicated to peace. It was soon followed by Jean de Bloch’s International Museum of War and Peace founded in Lucerne, Switzerland in 1902 which focused on the negative impacts of war with the idea that “war itself testified against war.” After the Second World War, it was Japan who took the lead in the development of modern peace museums when in 1949, on the fourth anniversary of the dropping of the atomic bomb, Hiroshima was enshrined as a memorial city of peace. Since that time, peace museums have developed quite a bit, however they still fall within certain frameworks. Terence Duffy has defined four types of peace museums; self-described peace museums, event or issue based museums, international law museums, and galleries. Kazuyo Yamane has focused on the museums’ perspectives which can either be anti-war (negative peace focused) or pro-peace (positive peace focused).

Please see here for a list of peace museums meant to inspire further inquiry and exploration.

Share Your Stories About the 1918 Flu Pandemic

As part of the symposium Going Viral: Impact and Implications of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic, a discussion website provides a place to share stories, recollections, dialogue and artifacts related to the 1918 flu pandemic. There you will find personal stories passed down to new generations.

To read first-person testimonials and participate, please visit the website at http://1918flustories.web.unc.edu/

About Going Viral:
An interdisciplinary symposium to mark the 100th anniversary of one of the deadliest pandemics in human history will be hosted April 4-6, 2018, by UNC’s Gillings School of Global Public Health, UNC’s Institute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences and RTI International.

Online registration will open in January 2018. For more information or to receive email updates, contact 1918flu@unc.edu.

Symposium events will offer perspectives from the vantage points of medicine, health, social sciences and the humanities. Speakers include leading experts in epidemiology, virology, medicine, communications, literature, history, ethics, policy and other fields.

The full agenda can be found at the Gillings School of Global Public Health’s Going Viral page.

CfP: Jewish Experiences during World War 1

The “Galitzianer”— Gesher Galicia’s quarterly research journal — plans to publish a series of articles related to Jewish experiences during World War I (WWI). We wish to thank all contributors who have responded to date.

This is the final call for additional submissions to be considered for publication later in the year.

The unifying theme is Galicia during WWI (1914-1918) and in the immediate period after the war. We invite members and non-members of Gesher Galicia to share their family stories, short scholarly reviews and other accounts of the war. Topics could include: Jewish military service; civilian life during the war; the experiences of refugees; deportations to Russia; and the military campaigns across Galicia.

Prior to submission, prospective authors are encouraged to contact Joshua Grayson at: <serieseditor@geshergalicia.org> with a brief description of their proposal. All considered articles will undergo editorial review and revisions to conform to the style of the journal.

For information regarding the “Galitzianer,” including general instructions for the authors, please see: https://www.geshergalicia.org/the-galitzianer/.

First World War Study Day: ‘Stories, Myths and Legends of the War’, 5 May 2018, Wolverhampton

The University of Wolverhampton, First World War Research Group, would like to invite you to a Study Day entitled ‘Stories, Myths and Legends of the War’ on 5th May 2018.

Please see here for the programme: First World War Research Group Study Day 5 May 2018 Programme
and the joining instructions for the Study Day: Joining Instructions for Study Day 5th May 2018 External

The cost of the Study Day is £20.00.

Details of registration and payment can be found in the programme. This can now be done online through the internet link, or alternatively you may contact Sue Holden via email to make arrangements to pay by cheque.

Please contact Sue Holden if you require any further advice or information.

CfP: The First World War in Italy and Beyond: History, Legacy and Memory (1918–2018)

30 November – 1 December 2018
Italian Institute of Culture, London

Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of Modern Italy

Download CfP: CFP – ASMI 2018

The conference will explore the history, legacy and memory of the First World War in Italy from 1918 to 2018. As the War was one of the formative experiences of the modern Italian nation, the aim is to place the conflict in a longer chronological perspective and to highlight its lasting impact from a range of viewpoints. Drawing on recent innovations in the historiography, the conference will shift focus away from the battlefields towards hitherto neglected areas of study, including the experience of civilians and everyday life, the transition from war to peace, and the post-war climate and reconstruction. It will shed light on how the memory of WWI shaped Italy’s national identity and served political ends during the Fascist period and after the Second World War. The intention is also to escape the confines of national historiography by placing Italy in comparative and transnational contexts. Thus, the centenary presents an opportunity to look with fresh eyes at the mark left by the War on the history, politics and society of Italy.

We welcome proposals from scholars working in a variety of disciplines including history, literature, film, politics, anthropology, art, economics, sociology and geography.

Panels might include, but are not limited to:
• The immediate aftermath of WW1 (1918–1922) and the rise of social conflict, political violence and Fascism
• The creation of the League of Nations and the emergence of pacifism, humanitarianism and internationalism
• The experience of veterans in the post-war period
• New historiographical approaches to the study of Italy and WW1
• Global, transnational and comparative perspectives
• Local, regional and national experiences
• Gender, both femininity and masculinity
• Family and societal ties
• Changes to ideas of nationhood, democracy, citizenship and community after WW1
• The legacy of WWI under Fascism
• Parallels between the aftermath of WW1 and the aftermath of WW2
• The material heritage of the War: monuments, memorials and cemeteries
• Italy’s commemorations of the centenary in national or transnational contexts

The organizers welcome proposals for individual papers and for panels composed of 3 speakers. They reserve the right to break up and re-structure proposed panels.

Confirmed keynote speakers:
Prof. Gunda Barth-Scalmani (University of Innsbruck)
Author of numerous works on Italian-Austrian relations and the experiences of women during WWI, including Ein Krieg – Zwei Schützengräben, Österreich – Italien und der Erste Weltkrieg in den Dolomiten 1915–1918 (Bozen 2005) and Militärische und zivile Kriegserfahrungen 1914–1918 (Innsbruck, 2010).

Dr. Marco Mondini (University of Padua/Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Trento)
Author of numerous bestselling books on Italy and WW1, including most recently Il Capo. La Grande Guerra del generale Luigi Cadorna (Il Mulino 2017) and La guerra italiana. Partire, raccontare, tornare 1914-18 (Il Mulino 2014). He is a frequent contributor to programmes on Rai Storia, e.g. http://www.raistoria.rai.it/articoli/cadorna-il-capo/32462/default.aspx

Please send an abstract of max. 250 words and a short biography to: asmi.conference1918@gmail.com
Abstracts can be both in English and in Italian.
The closing date for receipt of abstracts is 1 June 2018

Accepted speakers will be required to join ASMI, which includes subscription to the journal Modern Italy.

Organising Committee: Selena Daly (University College Dublin), Carlotta Ferrara degli Uberti (University College London), Hannah Malone (Freie Universität Berlin), Martina Salvante (University of Warwick)

CfP: No End to the War: Cultures of Violence and Care in the aftermath of the First World War

Thursday 24-Friday 25 January, 2019, The University of Manchester

Organisers:
The Centre for the Cultural History of War, The University of Manchester
War, Conflict and Society Research Group, Manchester Metropolitan University
Legacies of War Project, University of Leeds

Confirmed Speakers:
Prof. John Horne (TCD, Emeritus)
Prof. Robert Gerwarth (UCD)
Prof. Alison Fell (Leeds)

Europe’s post-war transition of 1918/1919 has received new scholarly attention in light of the First World War centenary. There has been a recent attempt to contextualise this transition, and to understand how the period after 1918 witnessed both continuing traces of violence and a renewed focus on caregiving. Particularly relevant are the ways in which, across Europe, the war gave rise not only to paramilitary violence, civil unrest, and military occupation, but also new cultures of humanitarianism. This conference aims to act as an intellectual and public intervention in the discussions of 2018 and 2019, and engage with key issues in the cultural history of the transition from war to peace.

This conference seeks to stimulate dialogue between historians of post-war violence, occupation, caregiving and humanitarianism, and contribute to a new integrated history of the aftermath of the First World War. We invite papers on any nation or region, and particularly encourage comparative and transnational approaches.

Major topics of discussion will include:
• Paramilitaries and Paramilitary Violence
• Post-War Military Occupations and Transfers of Occupation
• Demobilisation and Demilitarisation
• Post-War Incarceration
• POW Returns
• Forced Displacement
• Humanitarianism
• Nursing and Medicine
• Cultural Representations of Violence and Care

Within these parameters, the conference seeks to range broadly over the interrelationship of violence and care in the aftermath of the First World War, but potential questions include:
• What new humanitarian cultures and practices did the ‘wars after the war’ provoke? What pre-war ideas and practices persisted?
• How instrumental were ex-servicemen in spreading cultures of care and violence after 1918?
• In what ways did post-war paramilitarism and humanitarianism intersect?
• How successfully were returning POWs cared for and rehabilitated?
• How violent were the Allied occupations of Germany and the Ottoman Empire after 1918?
• In what ways did the injured and disabled challenge social reintegration?
• The family as site of care and violence: what new challenges did families face after 1918?
• How significant was local activism in shaping transnational networks?
• What insights can we gain from examining the role of individuals as agents of humanitarianism?
• How did the creative arts and languages serve populations coming to terms with survival, loss and continued violence?
• How were images of human suffering mobilised by humanitarian activists?
• Which victims of war or agents of humanitarianism are remembered (and forgotten)? Why were some voices weakened or silenced?
• How have museums and practitioners in the field of cultural heritage curated and communicated the complexities of violence and care in the wake of war to public audiences?

Papers should be 20 minutes in length, and submissions from post-graduate and postdoctoral scholars are particularly encouraged. Please send a 300 word abstract and 1 page CV to NoEndToWar@gmail.com by 18 May, 2018.

CfP: Histories of the Red Cross Movement since 1919

International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, 17 Chemin des Crêts, 1209 Geneva, Switzerland
13/14 June 2019

The years following the end of the Great War witnessed one of the great historical conjunctures in the history of the Red Cross movement: a moment at which the Red Cross’ institutional and normative structures, its technical capacities and ambitions were transformed in ways that would profoundly affect its activities and outlook over the next hundred years. This 2-day conference brings together historians and practitioners working on the Red Cross Movement to debate the legacy, events, and ideas flowing from 1919 and to engage with contemporary issues and concerns of the broader Red Cross Movement.

The conference will be addressed by two leading scholars of humanitarianism:
Andrew Thompson, Director of the Centre for Global & Imperial History (University of Exeter), Chief Executive of the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council.
Eleanor Davey, Lecturer in History of Humanitarianism at the University of Manchester’s Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute.

The organising committee particularly welcome papers on the following themes:
the tension of professionalism over voluntarism;
the proliferation of humanitarian activities and associated technologies;
rethinking IHL and the legal regime;
issues of gender, the role of media and the shift from war to peace/disaster management.

Abstracts (300 words) and a brief biography to Davide Rodogno davide.rodogno@graduateinstitute.ch or Neville Wylie neville.wylie@nottingham.ac.uk by 16 July 2018.

Organising committee:
James Crossland (LJMU), Irene Herrmann (Geneva), Branden Little (Weber), Grant Mitchell (IFRCRCS) Melanie Oppenheimer (Flinders), Davide Rodogno (Graduate Institute, Geneva) Rosemary Wall (Hull), Neville Wylie (Nottingham)

Twitter: @RedXHistory2019