Conference: Captivity in War: a Global Perspective

International Conference at the University of Bern, Switzerland, organised by the Military Academy at ETH Zurich
23/24 March 2018, University of Bern, Länggassstrasse 49,CH- 3012 Bern, Switzerland, Room F-121

Organised by Tamara Braun and Marcel Berni

This conference will explore various issues relating to captivity in war in the 19th and 20th centuries. In recent years, the study of prisoners of war has increasingly attracted scholarly attention. However, it remains a neglected topic when it comes to research on wars, which often focuses either on the conduct of war itself or on the home front, with prisoners of war fitting in neither of those categories. The aim of the conference is to bring together academics currently working on various aspects of captivity in war during the 19th and 20th centuries, and to discuss and explain how captivity in war varied and evolved during this period.

The conference is open to all and free of charge. If you would like to attend, please E-Mail tamara.braun@vtg.admin.ch.

23 March 2018
09:30 Opening Remarks: Captivity in War: a Global Perspective (Organisers)

09:45 Keynote: German and Austrian War Prisoners in America, 1942-1946 (Arnold Krammer, Texas A&M University)

10:45-11:00 Break

11:00-12:30 Panel 1: Captivity, Law, and Supranational Institutions (Chair: Alexander Krethlow)

Captivity, Ransoming and the Scramble for Africa in the Short 19th Century in West Africa (Roy Doron, Winston-Salem State University)

Imagining or Reflecting War? The Development of International Law Protecting Civilian and Military Captives as well as Refugees From and In Captivity in the Age of Two World Wars, 1899-1951 (Daniel Marc Segesser, University of Bern)

Fighting for Respect and Dignity in the Darkest of Times: The Role of Honour-Based Practices in POW Regimes during the First World War (Jasper Heinzen, University of York)

Captivity in Ottoman Lands: Humanitarian Aid of Ottoman Red Crescent Society during First World War (Ceren Aygül, Johannes Gutenberg-University / IEG-Mainz)

12:30-13:30 Lunch Break

13:30-15:15 Panel 2: Confinement Conditions and Camp Life (Chair: Tanja Bührer)

Spaces of Confinement, Spaces of Resistance: Prisoners of War in Britain, 1793-1815 (Anna McKay, University of Leicester)

Conflicting Orders: Class, Race and Rank as Categories of Internment in German East Africa, 1914-1919 (Daniel Steinbach, University of Exeter)

Same-Sex Desire in Captivity: German POWs in the United States, 1942-1946 (Matthias Reiss, University of Exeter)

The Internment of 15,000 Jews in the Hongkew Designated Area of Shanghai from 1943 to 1945 (Meron Medzini, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

15:15-15:45 Break

15:45-17:00 Panel 3: Labour and Interactions with Locals (Chair: Stig Förster)

Prisoners of War, Labour and Race in the Eastern Caribbean during the Revolutionary Wars: 1794–1810 (Flavio Eichmann, University of Bern)

Prisoners of the Chaco: Bolivians Laboring in Captivity for a Better Future (Robert Niebuhr, Arizona State University)

19:00 Conference Dinner

24 March 2018
09:30-10:30 Keynote: The Organization and Development of the Wehrmacht’s Prisoner of War System and the Treatment of different Prisoner of War Groups (Rüdiger Overmans, Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr, retired)

10:30-10:45 Break

10:45-12:15 Panel 4: Violence in Captivity (Chair: Michael Olsansky)

The Treatment of War Prisoners in Greece during the Balkan Wars of 1912-13 (Panagiotis Delis, Simon Fraser University)

A War Without Hate? The Afrikakorps, the Italian Army, and the Ill-Treatment and Murder of Allied POWs during the Desert War (Patrick Bernhard, University of Oslo)

Violence against Prisoners of War in the Asia-Pacific War: The Deterioration of Japanese Attitudes in a Global Perspective (Rotem Kowner, University of Haifa)

Captivity and Gender: Women Prisoners of Israel’s War of Independence as a Case Study (Lilach Rosenberg-Friedman, Bar-Ilan University)

12:15-13:30 Lunch Break

13:30-15:00 Panel 5: Release, Reintegration and Remembrance (Chair: Reinhard Nachtigal)

“Heraus mit unseren Gefangenen!” The German Homefront & Prisoner of War Repatriation, 1918-1919 (Brian K. Feltman, Georgia Southern University)

The East European “Lost Generation” Between War and Revolution: Release and Reintegration of Austro-Hungarian POWs (Olga Zaslavskaya, Central European University)

Everyday Humanitarianism. The ICRC and the Exchange of Former POWs in the Camp of Narva (1920-1922) (Francesca Piana, Pierre du Bois Foundation)

100.000 Pakistani POWs as Bargaining Chip: 1971-1974 (Amit Das Gupta, Universität der Bundeswehr)

15:00-15:15 Break

15:15-16:00 End of Conference Discussion

CfP: The Multiplicity of Exits from the War: the Experience of the Eastern Front Cities

National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy” (Kyiv, Ukraine); Center for Urban History (Lviv, Ukraine)
August 28-30, 2018: 3 days (2 conference days and 1 study tour day)

Organizers:
Center for Urban History (Lviv, Ukraine);
History department, National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy” (Kyiv, Ukraine);
University of Victoria (Victoria, Canada)

Deadlines:
*Extended deadline: April 1, 2018 for proposals*
July 16, 2018 for pre-circulated papers

Contact:
conferences@lvivcenter.org

The International Conference entitled “The Multiplicity of Exits from the War: the Experience of the Eastern Front Cities” is the second of the events dedicated to studying the urban experience of the Great War in the areas where the Eastern Front ran from the Baltic to the Caucasus. The first event, an international seminar “The City Experience of the Great War in Eastern Europe”, took place on June 23-25, 2016 at the Center for Urban History of the Central Eastern Europe in Lviv.

The purpose of our conference is to focus on the period of the end of the Great War, which on the Eastern Front was accompanied by revolutions, formation of national states, civilian wars, and armed conflicts for disputed territories. Chronologically, it covers the years 1917-1923: from the February Revolution in the Russian Empire to the final determination of borders in post-war Eastern Europe. Consequently, this era was a period of transformation when new political practices were introduced in conditions of general social and economic instability, violence and impunity, demobilization and new mobilization. At the same time, these years can be considered as an approbation period of practices which will eventually become dominant in the totalitarian states of the USSR and the Third Reich: controlling people through the introduction of cards and the differentiation of society by ethnic/class/political criteria.

Participants:
This will be an international and pre-circulated papers conference with open call and invited keynote speakers. We expect to host 20-25 participants from Ukraine and abroad. We also invite keynote speakers, who will deliver lectures and address the most acute aspects of subjects discussed during the conference. Our aim is to bring together distinguished scholars and researchers from a variety of disciplines, including but not limited to history, anthropology, geography, peace and conflict studies, literature, performing arts, media studies and related disciplines. Advanced PhD students and young researchers from Eastern Europe are especially encouraged to apply and contribute. The working language of the workshop is English.

How to apply:
In order to take part in the conference one has to submit her/his abstract (up to 500 words); short bio (up to 150 words); contact information by April 1, 2018. Successful applicants will be notified by April 15, 2018. They will have to send a short version of presentation (up to 5,000 words) by July 16, 2018. All the papers will be sent to discussants for reviews in advance. Each panel will consist of no more than 4 presenters, moderator and a discussant. Time-limit for a presentation is no longer than 20 minutes.

Program Costs
The organizers will cover accommodation, meals, and excursions within the program. There is limited funding for travel. Therefore we ask you to indicate if you need financial support, and when possible, to inquire about additional conference funding from your home institutions.

Full details of the CfP here.

CfP: Captivity in War: a Global Perspective (19th and 20th Centuries)

This conference will explore various issues relating to captivity in war in the 19th and 20th centuries. In recent years, the study of prisoners of war has increasingly attracted scholarly attention. However, it remains a neglected topic when it comes to research on wars, which often focuses either on the conduct of war itself or on the home front, with prisoners of war fitting in neither of those categories. The aim of the conference is to bring together academics currently working on various aspects of captivity in war during the 19th and 20th centuries, and to discuss and explain how captivity in war varied and evolved during this period.

We welcome proposals for 15-minute papers from researchers not only with a historical background, but also from other disciplines. Submissions from postgraduate and early career researchers are particularly welcomed. We purposely use a broad definition of «captives», which not only refers to prisoners of war but also includes forced labourers, civilian internees etc. Topics may include, but are not limited to:

International organisations and humanitarian aid
Violence towards captives
Captives and labour
Interaction with local populations
Release and reintegration

The conference will be held at the University of Bern, Switzerland on 23/24 March 2018 and is organised by the Military Academy at ETH Zurich.

Please submit an abstract of 300 words and a brief CV to: marcel.berni@vtg.admin.ch and tamara.braun@vtg.admin.ch by 15 September 2017.

Bursaries to cover travel expenses and accommodation are available.

We aim to publish selected contributions in a special edition of the peer-reviewed International Journal of Military History and Historiography.
Contact Email: marcel.berni@vtg.admin.ch